• Dewi Wardah Mazidatur Rohmah Universitas Terbuka
  • Muhammad Dhika Arif Rizqon Pusat Pengembangan Bahasa (P2B) UINSA Surabaya
Keywords: english students, open thinking, open education, face to face learning, distance learning


In the context of the Industrial Revolution 4.0, where the rise of hoaxes, AI, and disruptive information is inevitable, applying OT to English students can be instrumental in fostering critical literacy and responsible engagement with information. However, which students have this skill, and what is their current level? This present study examines to what extent the English students’ OT levels at DL University and F2F University are significantly different.


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