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Spektra : Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Sosial (P-ISSN 0853-4314) is an national journal published by Fakultas Agama Islam, FAI, Universitas Islam AS-Syafi'iyah, Jakarta, Indonesia. It covers all areas of Islamic Studies and Social Studies. Its global readership includes educational Islamic Studies and Social Studies, teachers, students and others with a professional or personal interest in Islamic Studies and Social Studies. This journal warmly welcomes contributions from scholars of related disciplines.