LEARNING DISORDER OF THE MAIN CHARACTER AS REFLECTED IN THE THEORY OF EVERYTHING MOVIE
(A Psychological Approach)
Nowadays, along with the times and technology, movies have become one of the most effective mass-communication media, which can be used as a place to share knowledge, tell stories, or provide certain information. One of them is to provide information about education, where during the learning process students may experience learning disorders, both students with normal physical and students with disabilities. This research aims to analyze how learning disorders occur in the main character and to analyze how the intrinsic motivation of the main character in The Theory of Everything movie. In this research used content analysis method. The object of this research is The Theory of Everything movie which describes Stephen Hawking’s life until he achieved his success. Based on the analysis that has been done, the results of the research found are: the learning disorders occur in the main character of The Theory of Everything movie is caused by amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, such as: motor disorders and communication disorders. In motor disorders, the main character has developmental coordination disorder and stereotypic movement disorder. While on communication disorders, the main character has speech sound disorder, childhood-onset fluency disorder (stuttering), and unspecified communication disorder. In addition, the intrinsic motivation of the main character can be seen from all aspects of intrinsic motivation, they are: the needs to fulfil dissatisfaction when he has not completed his task, knowing his progress, and have aspirations or goals in his life.
Backe, I. F., Patil, G. G., Nes, R. B., & Clench-Aas, J. (2017). The relationship between physical functional limitations, and psychological distress: Considering a possible mediating role of pain, social support and sense of mastery. SSM - population health, 4, 153–163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2017.12.005.
Black, D. W., & Grant, J. E. (2014). DSM-5 guidebook: The essential companion to the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC, United States: American Psychiatric Pub.
Davidson-Shivers, G. V., Rasmussen, K. L., & Lowenthal, P. R. (2017). Web-based learning: Design, implementation and evaluation (2nd ed.). Midtown Manhattan, New York City: Springer.
Dayana, I., & Marbun, J. (2018). Motivasi kehidupan. Bogor, Indonesia: Guepedia.
Denzin, N. K. (2017). The research act: A theoretical introduction to sociological methods. New York, NY: Routledge.
Fathurrohman, M., & Sulistyorini. (2012). Belajar & pembelajaran: Meningkatkan mutu pembelajaran sesuai standar nasional. Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Penerbit Teras.
Filgona, J., Sakiyo, J., Gwany, D. M., & Okoronka, A. U. (2020). Motivation in Learning. Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, 10(4), 16-37. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajess/2020/v10i430273.
Gupta, S. K. (2015). Management of communication disorders: A clinical perspective. International Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry. 3(1). 80-93. https://doi.org/10.5958/2320-6233.2015.00006.1.
Herijulianti, E., Indriani, T. S., & Artini, S. (2002). Pendidikan kesehatan gigi. Indonesia: EGC.
Kołodziej, S. (2010). The role of achievement motivation in educational aspirations and performance. General and Professional Education, 2010, 42-48.
Krippendorff, K. (2004). Content analysis: An introduction to its methodology (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA Sage Publications.
MTD Training. 2013. Personal confidence & motivation. UK England: Bookboon.com.
Pierangelo, R., & Giuliani, G. A. (2008). Teaching students with learning disabilities: A step-by-step guide for educators.
Rahman, K. F. (2012). ‘Triangulation' Research Method as the Tool of Social Science Research. 1. 154-163.
Ritchie, T. D. (2014). Denial. In Lavine, T. R. (Ed.) (2014), Encyclopedia of deception. (Vols. 1-2). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc. https://www.doi.org/10.4135/9781483306902.
Rohmah, N. (2020). Psikologi pendidikan. Jawa Timur, Inodonesia: Jakad Media Publishing.
Sarı, I., Ekici, S., Soyer, F., & Eskiler, E. (2015). Does self-confidence link to motivation? A study in field hockey athletes. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 10(1), 24-35. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2015.101.03.
Silver, L. B., & Silver, D. L. (2014). Guide to learning disabilities for primary care: How to screen, identify, manage, and advocate for children with learning disabilities. NC, United States: Lulu Press, Inc.
Somashekar. (2012). Educational psychology & evaluation. Bangalore, India: Sapna Book House (P) Ltd.
Sutton, R., & Seifert, K. (2008). Educational psychology. Canada: University of Manitoba.
Woolfolk, A. (2016). Educational psychology (13th ed.). New York: Pearson Education.